Volume 7, no. 3Pages 77 - 83

Bifurcation Analysis of a Capillarity Problem with Circular Symmetry

L.V. Stenyukhin
Both stable and unstable equilibrium shapes of small drops under gravity are well understood in the nonlinear formulation. These shapes are solutions to the capillarity equation, which we can find in series form using iterative methods. If the droplet is sufficiently large, or a potential acts inside it, then the convergence of the approximate solutions breaks down. In this case the solutions contradict physical experiments. The solvability of the capillary equation was proved by Uraltseva.
The surface adjusts under the action of a potential. The description of special states of the surface using the capillarity equation is complicated by the structure of this equation and its linearization. On the other hand, the capillarity problem is variational. The main term of the energy functional is the area functional studied by Fomenko, Borisovich, and Stenyukhin in connection with minimal surfaces. Sapronov, Darinskii, Tsarev, Sviridyuk, and other authors explored the extremals of similar nonlinear functionals on Banach and Hilbert spaces. As a result, in this paper we obtain sufficient conditions for the existence of special solutions to the capillary problem under the influence of external potential in terms of variational problems and normal bundle of perturbations. In an example we construct a new reduction of the capillarity equation near the center of symmetry of the drop. We find the critical value of the parameter, which depends on the Bond number, and determine the analytic form of the solution.
Full text
capillarity problem; Bond number; bifurcation; special solution.
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