Volume 13, no. 2Pages 54 - 68

Commutative Encryption Method Based on Hidden Logarithm Problem

D.N. Moldovyan, N.A. Moldovyan, A.A. Moldovyan
A candidate for post-quantum commutative encryption algorithm is proposed, which is based on the hidden discrete logarithm problem defined in a new 6-dimensional finite non-commutative associative algebra. The properties of the algebra are investigated in detail and used in the design of the proposed commutative cipher. The formulas describing the set of p^2 different global right-sided units contained in the algebra and local left-sided units are derived. Homomorphisms of two different types are considered and used in the commutative cipher. The encrypted message is represented in the form of a locally invertible element T of the algebra and encryption procedure includes performing the exponentiation operation and homomorphism map followed by the left-sided multiplication by a randomly selected local right-sided unit. The introduced commutative cipher is secure to the known-plaintext attacks and has been used to develop the post-quantum no-key encryption protocol providing possibility to send securely a secret message via a public channel without using any pre-agreed key. The proposed commutative encryption algorithm is characterized in using the single-use keys that are selected at random directly during the encryption process.
Full text
commutative encryption; probabilistic cipher; post-quantum cryptoscheme; no-key protocol; finite non-commutative algebra; associative algebra; global unit; right-sided unit.
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