Volume 13, no. 4Pages 68 - 82
Prediction of the Integrated Indicator of Quality of a New Object Under the Conditions of Multicollinearity of Reference DataS.B. Akhlyustin, A.V. Melnikov, R.A. Zhilin
Prediction of a new object state at a lack of the known characteristics and estimates of quality indicators of a number of studied objects (a set of reference data) often leads to the problem of multicollinearity of basic data. We propose the following three ways to overcome this problem relating to the sphere of data mining: use a ridge regression, train with the teacher a two-layer neural network, consecutive adapt a single-layer neural network. Also, we compare characteristics of the proposed ways. In the ridge regression method, the introduction of a regularizing term into the LMS equation gives an approximate solution with a sufficient degree of accuracy. A disadvantage of use of the two-layer neural network feed-forward backprop and the procedure of training with the teacher train is that adjusted weights of the neural network take chaotic (and even negative) values that contradicts a common practice of examination. The following features are revealed: considerable dispersion of weights and shifts of a neural network, ambiguity of the solution due to the choice of random initial conditions, strong dependence on a training algorithm. In order to overcome this shortcoming, we propose a transition to consecutive adaptation of a single-layer neural network with fixing shifts of neurons at zero level.Full text
- examination of objects; prediction; multiple regression; ridge regression; regularization; neural network; training of model; adaptation.
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